Rabu, 20 Mei 2015

[syiar-islam] Tanggapan terkait Kasus Biksu Radikal dan Pengungsi Rohingya

 

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Ashin Wirathu: Myanmar and its vitriolic monk
23 January 2015


Myanmar's most radical Buddhist monk is famed for his angry speeches, stoking fears that the Muslim minority will one day overrun the country.

Now Ashin Wirathu has drawn the ire of the UN by calling its special envoy to Myanmar (formerly known as Burma), Yanghee Lee, a "bitch" and a "whore".

BBC Burmese explains his rise, how other monks in Myanmar view him, why the government tolerates him and the anger women's groups feel.

Who is Ashin Wirathu?

Ten years ago the radical monk from Mandalay was virtually unheard of. Born in 1968, he left school at the age of 14 and entered the monkhood.

He became well known only after he was involved with the nationalist and anti-Muslim 969 group in 2001 - an organisation described as extremist, though that is a term the group's supporters reject.

In 2003 he was sentenced to 25 years in prison but was released in 2010 along with other political prisoners.

How did he  to public attention?

As government rules relaxed, he became more active on social media. He spread his message by posting his sermons on YouTube and on Facebook where he currently has more than 37,000 followers.

In 2012, when deadly violence broke out in Rakhine state between Muslims, mainly Rohingya, and Buddhists, he was catapulted into public view with his firebrand speeches.

A typical sermon begins: "Whatever you do, do it as a nationalist."
His rhetoric has more than a whiff of political theatre. When asked if he was the "Burmese Bin Laden", he said he would not deny it. Other reports have quoted him as saying he works for peace.

What does he want?

On 1 July 2013, Time Magazine put him on their front cover with the headline: The Face of Buddhist Terror?

His sermons preach animosity and his target is the Muslim community, mainly the Rohingya. He led rallies supporting relocating Rohingya Muslims to a third country.

He has also blamed Muslims for the clashes and repeats unsubstantiated claims about reproduction rates. Analysts say such sentiments stoked an already febrile situation in areas where violence unfolded.

He also claims that Buddhist women are being converted by force and is leading a campaign for legislation to prevent Burmese Buddhist women from marrying other faiths without official permission.

So who speaks out against him in Myanmar?

The fear among many is that violent vigilantes support his views, which means that anyone who speaks out against him runs the risk of becoming a target.

This partly explains the ambiguous relationship various sectors of society have with him.

It is also complicated by the fact that on some issues, such as his opposition to Rohingya Muslims being granted citizenship, Wirathu has widespread support.

What do other Buddhist monks say?

Many will remember that Buddhist monks led the 2007 "saffron" uprising against Myanmar's military junta. Wirathu's message does not attract support anywhere near that.

But many monks in Myanmar have remained tight-lipped in the face of his rhetorical onslaught. Part of it could be fear of reprisals.

Some monks have supported proposals for a nationality law restricting marriages. It was when Yanghee Lee criticised these nationality laws that he insulted her

He presides over 2,500 monks at his monastery in Mandalay and some policies are supported - a conference aimed at "safeguarding women" was well attended by monks.

So it is almost impossible to say how far he is supported by the community of monks at large - but tension is palpable.

Some have spoken out to criticise him. Burmese monk U Ottara told BBC Burmese of his shock in the wake of the recent comments.

"I feel very sad. I can say that those are not the kind of words for a monk to use."

The fear is that Wirathu is fast becoming the image of Burmese Buddhism to the outside world - one that is surely unrepresentative.

Why doesn't the government stop him?

A nominally civilian government now runs Myanmar after nearly half a century of military rule. 
But deadly religious clashes have marred the image of a state on a slow road to reform.

However, many believe that Wirathu is tolerated by the government because he gives voice to popular views, particularly about Rohingya Muslims, which they could not voice themselves for diplomatic reasons.

Thousands of Rohingya have been displaced by violence in Rakhine

The Ministry of Religious Affairs has confirmed it will not act against him until they receive a complaint. The government has so far failed to condemn the latest comments about Ms Lee.

How do women feel?

This is one group that voices consistent opposition. Women's activists have opposed his campaign vociferously.

General Secretary of the Women's League of Burma Tin Tin Nyo said of his comments that: "He gives our country a bad reputation... He damages the robes that he is wearing. "
She also said that his campaign to introduce a law to limit Buddhist women marrying other faiths is not a form of protection but control: "Women can decide who to marry and what religion to be".

She says many ordinary women and young activists, who would oppose him more vociferously, face reluctance from their parents, an older generation which has an inbuilt reverence for the clergy.

BBC Burmese' Soe Win Than and Ko Ko Aung contributed to this report.


÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷÷

Khusus untuk rekan-rekan yg beragama Buddha.
Saya secara pribadi, mohon masukan, penjelasan mengenai :

1. Apakah semua aliran dalam agama Buddha menolak sikap Biksu Radikal di Myanmar?
Baik secara prinsip/fundamental ajaran mau pun dari pernyataan tokoh agama, baik dari zaman dahulu s/d era modern ini.

Ataukah ada aliran yg mendukung sikap Biksu Radikal di Myanmar?

Baik secara prinsip/fundamental ajaran mau pun dari pernyataan tokoh agama, baik dari zaman dahulu s/d era modern ini.


2. Bagaimana sikap pernyataan resmi dari semua ormas mau pun di pribadi tokoh agama, terkait masalah keterlibatan Biksu Radikal dalam kekerasan di Myanmar ini?

Baik di level Nasional (Indonesia), di Myanmar, di Regional (ASEAN, atau lebih luas lagi, di Asia), mau pun di tingkat internasional


3. Apa tindakan dari semua ormas mau pun di pribadi tokoh agama, untuk menyelesaikan masalah kemanusiaan secara umum , atau pun terkait masalah keterlibatan Biksu Radikal dalam kekerasan di Myanmar ini secara khusus?

Baik di level Nasional (Indonesia), di Myanmar, di Regional (ASEAN, atau lebih luas lagi, di Asia), mau pun di tingkat internasional


4. Mengapa ekspose tindak-tanduk, sikap dan pernyataan dari semua ormas mau pun di pribadi tokoh agama, terkait masalah keterlibatan Biksu Radikal dalam kekerasan di Myanmar ini, terlihat minim/rendah, seolah tidak ada?

Baik di level Nasional (Indonesia), di Myanmar, di Regional (ASEAN, atau lebih luas lagi, di Asia), mau pun di tingkat internasional


5. Apakah umat Buddha perlu media khusus, sebagai penyeimbang berita, untuk memberitakan  sikap pernyataan resmi dari semua ormas mau pun di pribadi tokoh agama?
Baik di level Nasional (Indonesia), di Myanmar, di Regional (ASEAN, atau lebih luas lagi, di Asia), mau pun di tingkat internasional.

Terutama terkait masalah keterlibatan Biksu Radikal dalam kekerasan di Myanmar ini?
Karena hal tsb lah yg dilakukan oleh Umat Islam, terkait maraknya berita terorisme dan pencitraan bahwa teroris selalu terkait dgn Islam.

Mohon pencerahan dan penjelasannya.
Sehingga saya bisa menyampaikan hal yg seharusnya dgn bijak, kpd saudara-saudara seagama (Umat Islam). Karena sekarang mulai muncul pencitraan di media massa bahwa Biksu Buddha bisa menjadi radikal, penganjur kekerasan, dan punya dalil/landasannya menurut ajaran agama Buddha.

Dan saya tidak punya ilmu pengetahuan terkait agama Buddha.
Mohon dgn sangat, akan pencerahan dan penjelasannya.

Best Regards
As Salaamu 'alaa manit taba'al Hudaa.
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Rabu, 20/05/2015 09:50 WIB
Ashin Wirathu, Biksu Buddha Pembenci Muslim Rohingya yang Jadi Sorotan Dunia
Ahmad Toriq - detikNews

foto: Majalah Time
Jakarta - Biksu Buddha Ashin Wirathu mendadak jadi sorotan dunia. Tragedi pembantaian dan pengusiran Muslim Rohingya banyak dikaitkan dengan Ashin. Wajahnya yang tenang, pakaiannya yang sederhana seperti biksu pada umumnya ternyata jauh bertolak belakang dengan apa yang dilakukannya. Media barat tak kurang mulai dari Majalah Time, New York Times, sampai Washington Post melabelinya sebagai pembenci muslim. Ashin Wirathu disebut sebagai penggerak kaum Buddha di Myanmar menyerang Muslim Rohingya.

Wajah Ashin menghias sample Majalah Time, 'The Face of Buddhist Terror' demikian judul besarnya. Time juga di dalam berita menyebut sosok Ashin Wirathu sebagai Bin Laden Bangsa Burma.

"Sekarang bukan saatnya untuk diam," kata Ashin seperti dikutip Time, Rabu (20/5/2015). Apa yang disampaikan biksu berumur 46 tahun itu merujuk kepada kekerasan yang dilakukan pada Muslim Rohingya.

Sosok Ashin ini tak hanya menarik minat Time saja, The Washington Post juga menyorot sepak terjang Ashin yang disebut sebagai pemimpin dalam pergerakan pembantaian Rohingya.
"Kamu bisa saja penuh cinta dan kebaikan, tapi kamu tidak akan bisa tidur tenang di sebelah anjing gila," tutur Ashin seperti mengutip Washington Post. Anjing gila yang dimaksud Ashin tak lain merujuk pada Muslim Rohingya.

Ashin pun dengan terang-terangan di depan 'jamaah'nya dalam ceramah di sebuah kuil menyebut Muslim Rohingya sebagai musuh. New York Times menulis jelas bagaimana kebencian Ashin pada kaum Rohingya.

"Saya bangga disebut sebagai umat Buddha garis keras," tutur Ashin seperti dikutip dari New York Times.

Kini kondisi muslim Rohingya memang mengkhawatirkan. Mereka terusir dari rumah mereka di Myanmar. Pemerintah setempat pun bahkan tak bisa berbuat banyak terhadap kekerasan yang terjadi. Mereka memilih untuk pergi menjadi pengungsi.

Ada 1.000-an muslim Rohingya yang saat ini terdampar di Aceh dan Sumatera Utara. Mereka tak mau kembali ke Myanmar karena menghadapi pembantaian.
(ndr/mad)

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Posted by: Nugroho Laison <nugon19@yahoo.com>
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